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Coated One Side. Paper that has a coating, or finish, on only one side, often used for book covers.

Coated Two Sides. Paper that has a coating, or finish, on both sides.

A series of printing errors in which the bound pages of a book feature missing pages, repeated pages, and double-imaged pages.

In papermaking, the process of passing paper between the calender rolls to increase the paper's smoothness.

calender rolls:
A set of horizontal rolls at the end of a paper machine to increase the smoothness of the paper.

To adjust an input device such as a scanner or an output device such as a monitor, imagesetter, or printing press to more accurately reproduce color.

The thickness of paper, usually expressed in mils (thousands of an inch).

Text that explains or amplifies a portion of an illustration, usually accompanied by a line pointing to a particular area.

Artwork that is ready to be photographed in preparation for platemaking.

Cameron belt press:
A type of belt press that both prints and binds a book.

A set of capital letters of a particular typeface.

Text that accompanies an illustration. Also called a cutline.

carbon tissue:
A pigmented gelatin coating on a paper backing used in platemaking.

The covers of a hard-bound, or case-bound, book.

Another name for a hard-bound book. Also called hardback and hardcover.

cast coated:
A type of paper that has been dried under pressure to give it a high-gloss finish.

An estimate of the length a manuscript will be when typeset.

catching up:
A term that describes a condition in lithography in which the non-image areas of a press plate begin to take ink or scum.

Compact Disc-Read Only Memory. Used for storing and retrieving digital, visual, and audio information.

A particle physics laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland, where the World Wide Web was created in 1991.

A term that describes improper drying of ink, in which pigment dusts off because the ink has been absorbed too rapidly into the paper.

A small book or booklet, often part of a series.

An individual letter, number, punctuation mark, symbol, or space within text or computer code.

To converse with one or more people via an online network such as America Online, CompuServe, or the Internet by typing in sentences and viewing other's responses in real time.

chat room:
A virtual "place" offered by an online service provider in which one or more people can participate in live chat. See chat.

chemical pulp:
The treatment of wood chips with chemicals to remove impurities in preparation for papermaking.

The cardboard backing of a notepad of paper.

A trapping technique in which one color area is made slightly smaller, used in conjunction with another trapping technique called a "spread," in which another color area is made slightly larger to allow for misregistration on press.

A European typographic unit of measurement; approximately 4.55 millimeters, though it varies from country to country.

Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage. An international organization that developed a set of universal color standards in 1932.

An advertising flier inserted into a newspaper.

circular screen:
A circular-shaped halftone screen that helps the camera operator to obtain proper screen angles for halftones by rotating the screen.

The number of readers of a periodical such as a magazine or newspaper.

classified ad:
An advertisement that uses only text, as opposed to a display ad, which also incorporates graphics.

clean copy:
Copy that is ready to be typeset, or copy that has already been typeset and contains no further corrections.

clip art:
Illustrations, line drawings, pictures and other graphics that can be inserted in artwork or in a page layout, usually royalty-free. Before digital clip art, artwork from paper books was actually cut, or clipped, from the page and pasted onto the layout, thus the name clip art.

Temporary holding place in a computer's memory used to move text and graphics from one electronic document to another.

clipping service:
A company that collects articles of interest from newspapers and periodicals for its clients.

Color Lookup Table. A palette of colors within image editing applications and system software.

Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black. The colors of the subtractive color system, also known as process colors.

Paper with a certain type of finish that produces a smooth surface.

An emulsion, varnish, or lacquer applied to a printed surface to give it added protection or to produce a dramatic special effect.

cold color:
A color such as blue.

cold type:
Type produced by means other than hot metal, such as on a composing machine or in a page layout program.

To assemble a set of individual sheets or signatures in proper sequence for binding.

A list or description of production materials and methods used to create a book or magazine featured as part of the back matter.

color control strip:
A series of color bars and patterns printed on press sheets designed to help press operators detect problems with color balance, registration, and other printing-related problems.

color correct:
To change the color values in a set of film separations or using a software application to correct or compensate for errors in photography, scanning, separation, output, and so on.

color key:
A means of proofing four-color pages before final reproduction.

color filter:
A sheet of dyed glass, gelatin, or plastic placed between plates to absorb certain colors and produce a better rendition of other colors. The filters used in color separation are red, green, and blue.

color proof:
A reproduction of a piece before it goes on press made by photomechanical or digital means in less time and at a lower cost than press proofs. Also called an off-press proof.

color separation:
The process of separating artwork into component films of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black in preparation for printing.

A domain name suffix used in Internet addresses that denotes a commercial entity such as rainwater.com.

A form of binding that uses plastic rings and allows the book to lay flat when open, often used in cookbooks.

commercial printer:
A printer who primarily manufactures print runs of 5,000 or more using larger printing presses than those found in a quick-copy shop.

commercial register:
A measure of color printing in which the allowable misregister is plus or minus one row of dots.

A designer's "comprehensive" sketch of a page design that shows what the final page may look like.

composing stick:
A hand tool in which type is assembled and justified.

The process of setting type and arranging elements on a page.

A person who sets type. Also called a typesetter.

To reduce the size of a digital file for the purpose of speedier file transfer and archiving.

A commercial online information network, sometimes called CIS (CompuServe Information Service) or CI$ because of its previously high hourly rates.

A live discussion online in which the topic has been predetermined, often featuring a celebrity guest. Also called a "CO" or "live CO."

Short for continuous-tone. An image that has an assortment of tone values ranging from dark to light that does not contain halftone dots. A photograph is a continuous-tone image, for example, while a pen-and-ink drawing (also known as line art) formed of pure blacks and whites, is not.

A narrow version of a typeface, or a shortened version of a book-length work.

contact print:
A photographic print made from a negative or positive in contact with sensitized paper, film, or a printing plate.

contact screen:
A halftone screen made from vacuum contact with the photographic film to produce a dot structure of graded density.

content edit:
An overall evaluation and critique of a manuscript for organization, style, and continuity as well as actual content.

The list of a book's chapters or a magazine's features and departments that appears as part of the front matter. Also called a Table of Contents.

continuous tone:
An image that has an assortment of tone values ranging from dark to light that does not contain halftone dots. A photograph is a continuous-tone image, for example, while a pen-and-ink drawing (also known as line art) formed of pure blacks and whites, is not. Also called a con-tone.

contract proof:
A proof provided by the printer and on which the client signs off, saying it is OK to go ahead with printing.

co-op advertising:
Where two organizations, such as a bookseller and a publisher, share the cost of advertising. The publisher usually pays the larger percentage.

co-op publishing:
A situation in which two organizations produce and publish a book together. Also called co-publishing.

A situation in which two organizations produce and publish a book together. Also called co-op publishing.

The text portion of material to be printed.

copy edit:
The next level of editing after content editing--checking a manuscript for spelling, grammar, punctuation, and consistency.

copy preparation:
The process of getting copy ready for reproduction by applying the proper type specifications.

The process of calculating how much space a given amount of copy set in a particular point size and typeface will occupy. Also, the process of adjusting type, either by altering its point size or other type specifications or by eliminating actual words and sentences to make the copy fit a given amount of space.

The right to retain or sell the rights to an artistic work, usually held by the creator of the work.

copyright infringement:
When another party besides the copyright owner reproduces a copyrighted work, in whole or in part, without the copyright owner's permission.

cotton paper:
Paper that is made from cotton fibers rather than, or in addition to, wood fibers.

cover paper:
A variety of heavier papers used as covers for booklets, catalogs, brochures, presentations, and other publications. Also called cover stock.

cover stock:
A variety of heavier papers used for the covers of catalogs, brochures, booklets, and similar publications. Also called cover paper.

The process of compensating for the shifting position of the pages in a saddle-stitched bind. Creep moves the inside pages or signatures toward the spine.

A four-color proof similar to a Matchprint.

To eliminate outer portions of a photograph, illustration, or plate. Cropping is indicated on the original with crop marks.

crop mark:
A set of horizontal and vertical lines which indicate where a photograph, illustration, or page should be eliminated or trimmed.

cross direction:
The direction of the fibers in a sheet of paper across the grain, as opposed to with the grain. Same as against the grain.

crossline screen:
A glass screen that contains a grid pattern of opaque lines used in halftone photography.

Continuous Tone. A digital file format that contains high-resolution scan information.

The distortion of a sheet of paper due to differences in coating from one side to another or to absorption of moisture.

curved plate:
In letterpress printing, a plate that is precurved to fit the cylinder of a rotary press.

In web printing, the cut or print length that corresponds to the circumference of the plate cylinder.

A short sentence or two that describes a photograph or illustration within a page layout. Also called a caption.

A knife used to cut partway into the paper for folding purposes.

One of the subtractive primary colors used as part of the four-color process inks (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black).

The universe created by computer networks.

cylinder gap:
The space in the cylinder of a printing press where the mechanism for the plate or blanket clamps and where the grippers in a sheet-fed press are housed.

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